The Corchorus capsularis "Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber that is used to make yarn burlap, hessian or gunny cloth, bag etc. noun a strong, coarse fiber used for making burlap, gunny, cordage, etc., obtained from two East Indian plants, Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius, of the linden family. Three plant species such as kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.), mesta (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.), and jute (Corchorus capsularis L.), which were used in the present study, are common fiber crops in Bangladesh and are easily cultivated in the contaminated soil. Because of eco-friendly products jute most abundantly produced in Bangladesh and its’ demand is growing Bangla White (Corchorus capsularis) Bangla Tossa (Corchorus olitorius) Mesta or Roselle (Hibiscus Sabdariffa) and; Kenaf (Hibiscus Cannabinus) Available quality variations of the above species under kutcha grading system are: Tops, Middle, Bottoms, B-bottoms, C-bottoms and X-bottoms, etc. It is produced from flowering plants in the genus Corchorus, which is in the mallow family Malvaceae.The primary source of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius, but it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis.. “Jute” is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. Annual, much branched, spreading herbs; stems pilose, often reddish. International Journal of Enhanced Research in Science Technology & Engineering, ISSN: 2319-7463 Vol. Pasau-na-bilog, saluyot (Corchorus capsularis) 2. 200 diameters. Jutedicotyledenous fibre-yielding plant of the genus Corchorus, order Tiliaceae. Corchorus capsularis (CC ) known as “Jute” is an herbaceous and annually grown plant in Bangladesh. Jute is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. The Plant List Materials and Methods Seeds of two cultivated jute (Corchorus capsularis L.) varieties, namely BJC‐7370 and BJC‐83 collected from BJRI, Sher‐e‐Bangla Nagar, Dhaka were used in the present investigation. Int. The fibers have a length of up to 3 meters and a diameter of 2.4 µm. Tossa jute (Corchorus olitorius) is an Afro-Arabian variety. Sci. Jute is one of the most affordable 100% natural fibers and it is second only to cotton in amount produced. Corchorus capsularis L. (white jute) and Corchorus. It is in flower from August to October, and the seeds ripen in October. It has globular fruits. ... Jute.—The jute-plant, Corchorus capsularis, is an annual, native to the East Indies, and furnishes a long smooth fibre which, however, quickly softens and breaks. Several historical documents (including, Ain-e-Akbari by Abul Fazal in 1590) state that the poor villagers of India used to wear clothes made of jute. saluyot (Corchorus olitorius) Saluyot is a common name shared by (1) Pasau-na-bilog (Ilk.) cultivated species: Corchorus capsularis L. commonly known as deshi jute and C. olitorius L. as tossa jute (2n=14). Jute Cultivation in Bangladesh. (After Hassack.) Jute is a 42: 141 –47. when wetted. Soc. The jute plant of this variety is annual and collected from seeds.It is similar to capsularis variety. Jute is an annual crop taking about 120 days (April/May-July/August) to grow. The plant originated in China but is now grown in Bangladesh and India, and found spread across much of tropical Africa. It is produced primarily from plants in the genus Corchorus, which was once classified with the family Tiliaceae, and more recently with Malvaceae. Simple handlooms and hand spinning wheels were used by the weavers, who used to spin cotton yarns as well. The Book of Job in the Hebrew Bible mentions this vegetable potherb as Jew’s mallow.Tossa jute fibre is softer, silkier, and stronger than white jute. Plant. Analysis of Carbohydrates in the Jute Plant (Corchorus capsularis) . The bark of C. capsularis and to a lesser extent that of C. olitorius constitute the chief source of the fibre jute, and these species are much cultivated in India and Bangladesh. J. Sci. The jute plant of this type annual and grows from ends. Pasau-na-hapai (Jussiaea linifolis) and 4. It probably originated in China but is now grown in Bangladesh and India, and found spread across much of tropical Africa. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. It is also cultivated in the Amazon region of Brazil. Corchorus capsularis L. is an accepted name. Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. SHYAMOL BANGLA JUTEX LTD. Is The Manufacturer, Exporter & Supplier of 100% natural and eco friendly Jute products and Coir Products, like Jute Cloth, Jute Bag, Jute Yarn, Twine, Rope, Jute Nursery Pot / Sheet, Jute Tape, CBC, Carpet/Rug, Bleached & Dyed Jute Yarn / Twine and Fabric, Shopping bag, Coir Rope, Coir Net, Handicrafts many more. Bangladesh, India and China [2]. Assessment of deshi jute (Corchorus capsularis L.) seed quality as affected by storage periods. There are four levels of K viz. Food Agric. Once, Jute was considered as a golden fiber of Bangladesh and it was a good source of different grades of pulp 1. Along with white jute, tossa jute has also been cultivated in the soil of Bengal where it is known as paat from the start of the 19th century. Jute is an annual herbaceous plant sized 10 to 12 feet (3 to 3.6 meters) tall. Jute (Corchorus capsularis & Corchorus olitorius), Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) and Roselle (H. sabdariffa var. altissima) are vegetable bast fibre plants next to cotton in importance. Outside her window, within walking distance from Bangladesh’s largest train station, a determined monsoon rain comes down in a roar. 0, 35, 45 and 55 kg ha-1. White jute (Corchorus capsularis): Several historical documents (including, Ain-e-Akbari by Abul Fazal in 1590) state that the poor villagers of India used to wear clothes made of jute. Abstract: Seeds of Corchorus capsularis contained cardiac glycosides, corchorin, corchortoxin helveticoside, corchoroside A and B, biosides, olitoriside, erysimoside, strophantidol glycosides, oliogosaccaride and olitoriside; while leaves contained flavonoids, triterpenes, saponins, glucoside, capsularin steroids and many other secondary metabolites. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Each spring, billions of seeds of Corchorus capsularis and Corchorus olitorius are flung across open ground, mostly by women. Corchorus capsularis, and (2) Pasau (Corchorus olitorius). It has a long historical role in the socioeconomic development of Bangladesh. History also states that Indians, especially Bengalis, used ropes and twines made of white jute from ancient times for household and other uses. White jute was traditionally used to make ropes and twines and also a low cost, low quality, fabric for clothes of the poor in the regions where it was produced. C-2197, C-3069 and C-3473. It is produced primarily from plants in the genus Corchorus, which was once classified with the family Tiliaceae, and more recently with Malvaceae. It is a natural fibre with golden and silky shine and hence called the Golden Fibre. Corchorus olitorius is a ANNUAL/PERENNIAL growing to 3.5 m (11ft 6in) at a fast rate. It is also cultivated in the Amazon region of Brazil. Pasau. 3S.—^The Jute-fibre. Jute fibre is produced mainly from two commercially important species, namely White Jute (Corchours capsularis), and Tossa Jute (Corchorus olitorius). Simple handlooms and hand spinning wheels were used by the weavers, who used to spin cotton yarns as well. Currently, the Bengal region (West Bengal, India, and Bangladesh) is the largest global producer of the tossa jute variety. Tossa jute fibre is … Corchorus capsularis meaning in Bengali - পাট; ; | English – Bangla & English (E2B) Online Dictionary. Most of all the countries India, Bangladesh and other Asian countries make Jute from fibres of the bark tissue of Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius, while the fibre of C. olitorius is of lesser quality. 1988. Fig. Corchorus capsularis, commonly known as white jute, is a shrub species in the family Malvaceae. J. Sci. Corchorus capsularis is an erect, annual shrub, with acute leaves, yellow five-petaled flowers and growing to two or more metres in height. It is one of the important cash crops of Bangladesh occupies 5th position among the field crops in respect of cultivated area (BBS, 2008). © SHAYMOL BANGLA JUTEX LTD. ALL Rights Reserved. Jute fiber is manufactured mostly from two commercially important species, namely White Jute (Corchours capsularis), and Tossa Jute (Corchorus olitorius). The center of origin of white jute is said to be Indo-Burma including South China, and that of tossa Africa. Jute, a long, soft plant fiber that is spun into coarse, strong threads, is obtained from the plants Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis. Jute Bags | Jute Sack | Jute Yarn | Jute Fabrics | Raw Jute Fiber | Jute Industry, Jute Sack Manufacturer & Exporter | Wholesale Jute Gunny Bags – Asia Jute, Unique Trade Center Panthapath, Kawranbazar, Dhaka - 1215. Phenolic Acids in Fresh and Retted Jute Plants (Corchorus capsularis and C. olitorius L.). Jute is extracted from the bark of the white jute plant (Corchorus capsularis) and to a lesser extent from tossa jute (C. olitorius). PDF | 2020). Bangladesh is not only the second largest producer of jute but also produces ইংরেজি - বাংলা Online অভিধান। Providing the maximum meaning … 33: 1207-12. The Corchorus capsularis "Jute" is the name of the plant or fiber that is used to make yarn burlap, hessian or gunny cloth, bag etc. The fibers are off-white to brown, and 1–4 metres (3–13 feet) long. either of … fiber [3. Jute is mainly produced in India, Bangladesh and other Asian countries; this is obtained from the fibers of the bark of Corchorus capsularis and Corchorus olitorius, even if the fiber of C. olitorius is of inferior quality. This variety astonishingly showed good sustainability in the climate of the Ganges Delta. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. To examine the effect of variety and different level of potassium (K) on yield of jute, an experiment was conducted at the Agronomy Field Laboratory, Patuakhali Science and Technology University, Dumki, Patuakhali from May to September 2016 using three variety viz. The industrial term for jute fiber is raw jute. 2 Issue 11, November-2013, pp: (35-44), Available online at: www.erpublications.com Biochemistry, Medicinal and Food values of Jute (Corchorus capsularis L. and C. olitorius L.) leaf: A Review Md. Jute is also called the golden fiber for its color and high cash value. Introduction. Corchorus, genus of some 40–100 species of flowering plants of the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae). The two most common types are white jute (Corchorus capsularis) and tossa jute (Corchorus olitorius). Leaves 2.5-7 x 1.5-3.5 cm, ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, base rounded, margins serrate, the basal pair of serrations ending in setae or not, apex acute, basally 3-5-nerved; petioles upto 3 cm long; stipules 4-8 mm long, setaceous. The fibres are extracted from the plant's bark. Res. At 26, the median age in this Southeast Asian nation of 165 million, she is an up-and-coming fashion designer in pursuit of the next trend. Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse strong threads. Food Agric. Jute is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. J. It falls into the bast fiber category (fiber collected from bast, the phloem of the plant, sometimes called the "skin") along with kenaf, industrial hemp, flax (linen), ramie, etc. Pasau-na-haba (Corchorus catharticus) 3. In Bangladesh, jute, or paat in Bangla, supports the livelihoods of 25 million people. Normally jute is used for traditional purposes such as sacks, bags, hessian cloth, burlap, yarn, carpet backing and composite reinforcement [4]. The leaves Jute was once known as the golden fibre of Bangladesh, since it was the most important cash crop for the country. day by day worldwide for the care of earth environment, we take the privilege of having serve and share the world’s environmental care. Speed pods are long and circular in shape &. Bus. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. It is quite popular for its leaves that are used as an ingredient in a mucilaginous potherb called molokhiya, popular in certain Arab countries. Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse strong threads. The seeds germinate with the first showers, and they grow fast—about 2 centimeters a day. olitorius L. (tossa jute), which belong to the family Tiliaceae Corchorus, are commonly cultivated for ]. 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